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The term research philosophy refers to a system of beliefs and assumptions about the development of knowledge. In layman’s terms, a research philosophy is the choice a researcher makes on how to pursue his research, consciously or subconsciously. Scholars have identified five of the most prominent research philosophies in academia, however, choosing one is a matter of debate. (main source: Saunders, Mark & Lewis, P & Thornhill, A. (2009). Understanding research philosophies and approaches. Research Methods for Business Students. 4. 106-135.)

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By focusing on the past, critical realists can understand how societies or organisations came to be or how they used to function. This way the present situation of the research subjects can be more easily understood and can even give valuable insights into their future. Obviously this approach also allows for advancements in the field of history.

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This page was last edited on Tuesday, 4 Sep 2018 at 01:21 UTC