There is no ethical or medical justification for legalizing euthanasia.
Doctor first and foremost should administer anesthetics to patient’s system to alleviate his suffering, instead of an outright euthanasia.
Legalizing euthanasia could prevent some patients from possible, even if unlikely, recovery.
Proponents of legalizing euthanasia cannot guarantee, that the practice wouldn't be abused in many different ways, as attested by the historical record.
Opponents of voluntary, active euthanasia often are worried, that the legalization of the aforementioned practice gives too much power and responsibility to physicians treating the patients. Since a patient would make a decision based on a diagnosis made by his physician, the risk of faulty diagnosis must be taken into account.
Doctors and physicians are fallible and medical literature knows seemingly hopeless cases, which ended with a patient’s recovery. With that in mind, the finality of applied euthanasia means that it is inevitable, that some patients that could be cured will die because of a faulty or incomplete diagnosis, based on which they made a request for euthanasia. Such risk, in light of the Hippocrates oath and the sanctity of life, is unacceptable.
The possibility of such situations does not imply, that the practice of euthanasia is as a whole unethical or unjustified. In cases, where multiple doctors agreed beyond a reasonable doubt that the illness is terminal, a very unlikely possibility of an error is not enough to deny an option of a voluntary, active euthanasia.
A physician is responsible for making a diagnosis. A physician, as a human being, is fallible and prone to error. Therefore, if we cannot rule out a possibility of an unwarranted death based on faulty diagnosis, we shouldn't legalize the voluntary, active euthanasia.
The very unlikely scenario of a sudden recovery cannot be the justification for withholding a euthanasia for patients, who suffer gravely and will die beyond a reasonable doubt.
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