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International Relations
Politics
In 2016, over 180,000 migrants reached Italy by irregular means. During the first ten months of 2018, this number had dropped to under 21,000. Although the number of unauthorized immigrants in Italy has been decreasing over the last decade, racial tensions have increased after a mix of anti-immigrant campaigns, fake news and horrific tragedies. As a result, “immigration” is the nation’s most discussed issue. There are currently over 5 million regular immigrants in Italy. The IDOS research centre estimated that the number of unauthorized immigrants would be about 500.000. Many of them are asylum seekers whose claim to international protection was denied. Some can’t go back to their country due to bureaucratic problems, some others receive the "foglio di via" (expulsion paper) but the authorities fail to make sure that they actually leave the nation. What do Italians think about it?

Positions

Arguments supporting this position

Details

Feeling of helplessness euro-skepticism

Context

This argument is supported by far-right and moderate-right parties, and by some Christian groups

The Argument

The Dublin Treaty says that a refugee must be cared for by the nation on which he/she lands. This forces the countries that border with the Mediterranean Sea to deal with the majority of refugees. Greece has strict anti-immigrant policies, and we should start doing the same to force EU members to take action.

Counter arguments

If all the towns and cities in Italy respected the standards disposed by the last government (25 immigrants x 1000 inhabitants) there would be room for everybody. The majority of towns refuse to take immigrants, but doing so they force bigger cities to welcome a greater number of people. Many EU nations actually refuse to welcome refugees, but their governments are strong allies of those who denounce this situation (e.g: Viktor Orban has been praised by both Matteo Salvini and Giorgia Meloni).

Premises

"European state members do not want to take immigrants and we must force them to change their behaviour"

Rejecting the premises

It wouldn't be necessary if Italy insisted on the other nationalist governments to take in a fair number of immigrants, instead of supporting them.

References

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This page was last edited on Sunday, 9 Sep 2018 at 19:36 UTC