There is no ethical or medical justification for legalizing euthanasia.
Self-determination is a human right; patients have a right to a quick and painless suicide assisted by a doctor.
There is no meaningful distinction between active euthanasia and the withdrawal of life-sustaining medical interventions assisted by anesthetics. The end result is essentially the same.
Many patients wish for the legal euthanasia, because of their reliance on third parties and humiliating conditions they're forced to live the remainder of their life. Denying them that right infringes on the dignity of human being.
Ending patient’s suffering is more ethically justified than prolonging it.
Article 6.1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights approved by the United Nations states, that "every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life". Proponents of legal euthanasia argue, that the human right to life should also include a one's right to die with dignity and the refusal to grant it violates the freedom of an individual.
Humans have an innate right to life. Such right includes a right to self-determination, autonomy, and dignity. Denying an individual an access to legal euthanasia in case of painful, terminal illness constitutes a violation of his rights to make autonomous decisions about his well-being. Neither a state, physicians or other people should be able to force a person to go on living against his will.
Various formulations of the right to life do not imply the opposite "right to die" - such interpretation is unfounded and not recognized by the majority of international tribunals and law academics.
Each individual has an innate right to life. This right includes a freedom of making autonomous decisions about his life. Therefore, an individual should have a right to terminate his life in case of incurable, painful illness, since it's an autonomous decision concerning his life.
The right to life is concerned only with an unlawful and arbitral deprivation of life. It does not give a right of choosing death over life to an individual.
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