The concept of the ‘self’ is one that is consistently debated without a consistent definition. Whether the body is inherently part of the ‘self’ is therefore also disputed.
We encounter the world through our body and are linked to the experiences attached to it. Therefore, the sale of sex is inherently different from the sale of other goods. Sex is tied to the very nature of ourselves, and to sell it is an extreme version of alienation. For a sex worker to participate in prostitution, it is necessary to distance themselves from their bodies in order to cope with their work. By placing something on the market we commodify it, making it external to us. To sell the body is to reduce the self to a ‘thing’. This is inherently harmful to sex workers. Sex is irreversibly linked to the ‘self’, and to sell it is therefore to sell part of the self.
We all sell the use of our body in a sense; the difference in professions relate to whether and how they are stigmatised. When one takes a job under a capitalist system they are contracting out their body for certain periods of time. This is more visible in jobs involving manual labour. The distinction when condemning prostitution, therefore, is constructed on prejudice against jobs involving female sexuality, rather than an issue contracting out the body as a whole. Our bodies do not wholly make up our ‘selves’; there is far more to a person than their capacity as a sexual being. Additionally, if we see the sale of sex as inherently negative as it is part of the ‘self’, we then have an obligation to also see profit from creative endeavours as negative, for instance, given that they represent the artist's self. Additionally, sex workers sell sexual services rather than their bodies themselves.
[P1] Sex and the body is inextricably linked to a person’s sense of self. [P2] Sale of sex and the body is inherently wrong as it compromises the self.
[Rejecting P1] There is no inherent link between sex, the body and one’s sense of self. [Rejecting P2] Sale of things relating to one’s sense of self is not inherently impermissible.