What is the mind? Since the beginning of human civilization, prominent thinkers have grappled with the idea of consciousness. Could the study of our brain and nervous system account for conscious thought? If not, and if conscious thought is somehow disembodied, what are the causal relationships between the non-physical processes and the physical ones?
Human beings are made up of two distinct parts; the physical body and the non-physical mind.
The Free Will Argument
The fact we have freewill means we must not be bound by the laws of physics.
First Person Authority
Mental states are intrisically knowable, but physical states require inference and experience.
The Knowledge Argument (Qualia)
Not all experiences can be reduced to physical processes.
Mental phenomena need physical phenomena to exist, but both are different entities.
Idealists believe that only the mind exists and everything that we perceive in the physical world is merely a composition.
Hemiplegic Stroke Victims
Humans are made out of purely physical matter.
Darwin's theory of evolution.
The progresses made in neurological science
The simplest explanation is always the strongest.
Beliefs are constructed from experiences.
Our mental states can be reduced to a functional response to a stimulus.
Hilary Putnam was a strong proponent of functionalism.
The Weakness of Materialism
Functionalism relies on the failure of materialism.
This page was last edited on Tuesday, 10 Sep 2019 at 21:34 UTC