Mapping the world's opinions

Are nations ancient or modern? Are they natural or artificial? Are they a tool of liberation or coercion? Despite many predicting globalisation would make them obsolete, nations are now back in fashion in a world where leaders tout America First, the Great Rejuvenation of the Chinese People, and Hindutva. Understanding the nation now seems more important than ever.

Nations are natural communities

Modern nations reflect long existing human communities who display a basic unity over a continuous historical period.

Nations are natural cultural communities

Nations are defined by cultural unity Explore

Nations are natural ethnic communities

Ethnic communities form the basis of nations. Explore

Nations are modern creations

Nations only came in to existence from the late 18th century onward due to massive political, social, and economic changes.

Industrialisation created nations

The emergence of capitalism transformed society by promoting linguistic and cultural standardisation within distinct territorial spheres, ushering in the age of nations. Explore

Enlightenment ideas created nations

The intellectual revolutions of the 18th and 19th centuries created a new political ideology of nationalism centred on the creation of nation-states. Explore

Print capitalism created nations

Nations mean liberty

Nations mean self-determination and democracy.

Nations are the best arena for democracy

Modern democracy is inextricably tied to the spread of nations and nationalism. Explore

Nations mean diversity

Nations mean coercion

Nations are a tool for elites to control the population.

The working men have no country

Key Marxist thinkers argue class experience and interests transcend national boundaries, and belief in national differences distracts the working class from their real interests. Explore

All states are tools of coercion

Nations are just another form of state and states are coercive. Explore

Nationalism is illiberalism

Nationalism means illiberal anti-democratic politics. Explore

Nationalism is imperialism

Nationalism is used to justify empires and imperialism. Even after decolonisation, the persistence of the nation as a model of political organisation means imperialism persists. Explore
This page was last edited on Tuesday, 3 Dec 2019 at 14:20 UTC