Ethical aspects of euthanasia (Greek for "good death"), a physician-assisted suicide of a patient with a goal of ending the suffering from a terminal or incurable illness, were debated since the times of Hippocrates. Since then, although modern medicine made a great deal of progress, euthanasia and its validity as a medical practice still leads to controversies. Should a patient in great suffering be able to end his life with the help of a doctor?
Euthanasia should be legal and available for suffering patients with no hope of recovery.
Euthanasia is a human right
Self-determination is a human right; patients have a right to a quick and painless suicide assisted by a doctor.
There is no discernible difference between “active” and “passive” euthanasia
There is no meaningful distinction between active euthanasia and the withdrawal of life-sustaining medical interventions assisted by anesthetics. The end result is essentially the same.
The dignity of human being
Many patients wish for the legal euthanasia, because of their reliance on third parties and humiliating conditions they're forced to live the remainder of their life. Denying them that right infringes on the dignity of human being.
Prolonging suffering is unethical
Ending patient’s suffering is more ethically justified than prolonging it.
Limited scope of legal euthanasia
Legalization of euthanasia would not lead to harm or other unwanted consequences.
There is no ethical or medical justification for legalizing euthanasia.
Doctors should use anesthetics to alleviate suffering
Doctor first and foremost should administer anesthetics to patient’s system to alleviate his suffering, instead of an outright euthanasia.
Doctors' judgement isn't perfect
Legalizing euthanasia could prevent some patients from possible, even if unlikely, recovery.
The Sanctity of Life
Human life is sacred and should be always preserved.
Legal euthanasia could be easily abused
Proponents of legalizing euthanasia cannot guarantee, that the practice wouldn't be abused in many different ways, as attested by the historical record.
The Slippery Slope Argument
Legalizing voluntary euthanasia would lead to a creeping acceptance of non-voluntary euthanasia in cases, where a patient cannot make a request for the termination of his life (the elderly with dementia, unconscious patients, children).
This page was last edited on Sunday, 4 Nov 2018 at 17:20 UTC